Updated: Sep 21, 2019
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Ever Merciful.
Trinitarians present a number of ambiguous verses from the Bible to try to establish the divinity of Jesus a.s., and when clear verses indicating his humanity are reffered to, they claim he was 100% God and 100% human at the same time. Using their method of interpretation, let us see whether a similar thing can be done for the Prophet Muhammad s.a. or not:
[48:10] Verily, those who swear allegiance to thee indeed swear allegiance to Allah. The hand of Allah is over their hands. So whoever breaks his oath, breaks it to his own loss; and whoever fulfils the covenant that he has made with Allah, He will surely give him a great reward.
Keeping in mind that during the pledge of allegiance, it has been understood that the hand of the Prophet s.a. was above the hands of his companions r.a., one could claim that this verse suggests the divinity of Muhammad s.a. If a trinitarian were to try to look at the context, there is nothing in the surrounding verses which suggests that this is to be understood metaphorically.
And if a trinitarian were to refer us to other verses of the Qur'an which clearly state that Muhammad s.a. was a human like the rest of mankind, we too could, like them, say, that he was both 100% God and 100% man. However, it is the emphasis on tawhid (monotheism) throughout the Qur'an and the message of the Holy Prophet s.a. that deters us from making such erroneous interpretations of the Holy Qur'an.
There are a number of forms of idolatry. One is given in the verse below:
[9:31] They have taken their learned men and their monks for lords beside Allah. And so have they taken the Messiah, son of Mary. And they were not commanded but to worship the One God. There is no God but He. Too Holy is He for what they associate with Him!
Thus to blindly follow the interpretation of scholars or even those of a Prophet over and above what is evidence from the words of Allah is also a form of idolatry. For Christians to interpret statements of Jesus a.s. to suggest that the commands about dietary prohibitions given in the law of Moses a.s. are annulled, is also a form of idolising Jesus a.s. In the case of Muslims, to do likewise with scholars or even reformers, thereby giving them a higher status than that of the Holy Prophet s.a., and ignoring his established sunnah which is in accordance with the Word of Allah, is also a form of idolising the scholars or reformers or even prophets.
Christians often cite the charge of blasphemy made against Jesus a.s. by the Jewish Temple authorities, when they bore witness against him in his trial, saying that this was because he did claim to be God. However, they seem not to realise the simple fact that enemies of innocent persons do look for any and all excuses to overwhelm them, and tend to make a mountain out of a mole-hill. And if they cannot find any excuses, enemies and other envious persons would then resort to fabricating evidence to bring false charges. Friendly and peaceful and good-hearted individuals do not make such excuses, and would tend to give people the benefit of the doubt. If a judge or jury decides the fate of a defendant merely on the basis of the charges of the prosecution, they simply aren't capable of serving as judge or jury, as they did not take bias into account when evaluating the charges made by the prosecution.
We are also told:
[3:59] Surely, the case of Jesus with Allah is like the case of Adam. He created him out of dust, then He said to him, ‘Be!,’ and he began to be.
Both were prophets who are formed from constituents derived from the dust of the earth, and at some point after their physical creation was complete, Allah sent revelation upon them, after which their spiritual development as prophets commenced. None of this makes any of the prophets worthy of worship in any way shape or form.
(this article is under development)
[19:76] Allah increases in guidance those who follow the guidance. [20:47] Peace be upon those who follow the guidance.